400 Palavras para o TOEFL – Parte 01

Hello there! Aqui você pode conferir as primeiras 20 palavras para mandar muito bem no TOEFL! Baixe o e-book completo abaixo:

1. Food Crops

1. abandon v. To leave; to give up. | To save their lives, the sailors had to abandon the sinking ship.

2. adversely adv. In a harmful way; negatively | Excessive rainfall early in the spring can adversely affect the planting of crops.

3. aggregate adj. Gathered into or amounting to a whole | It is impossible to judge last year’s performance without knowing the aggregate sales numbers.

4. cultivation n. Preparing the land to grow crops; improvement for agricultural purposes | With the development of land cultivation, hunters and gatherers were able to settle in one place.

5. fertilize v. To supply with nourishment for plants by adding helpful substances to the soil | This farm fertilizes tomatoes more than any other crop.

6. intensify v. To increase in power; to act with increased strength | Jacob’s long absence intensified his certainty that he should marry Rose.

7. irrigation n. The supplying of water to dry land | In dry areas of the country, you can see ditches all over the farmland for irrigation.

8. obtain v. To gain possession of; to get | After a series of difficult interviews, he finally was able to obtain the job.

9. photosynthesis n. The process by which green plants make their own food by combining water, salts, and carbon dioxide in the presence of light. | Oxygen is a by-­‐product of the process of photosynthesis.

10. precipitation n. Water that falls to the Earth’s surface | In the Pacific Northwest, the high level of precipitation ensures rich, green plant life.

 

2. Disaster

1. anticipate v. To expect; to sense something before it happens | By placing sensors in earthquake-­prone areas, scientists can anticipate some tremors in time to warn the public.

2. catastrophic adj. Extremely harmful; causing financial or physical ruin | The architect died in a catastrophic elevator accident.

3. collide v. To come together with great or violent force | As usual, their holiday was ruined when their in-­laws’ views on politics collided with their own.

4. eruption n. A sudden, often violent, outburst | The eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980 caused 57 deaths and immeasurable change to the face of the mountain.

5. famine n. Severe hunger; a drastic food shortage | The potato famine in Ireland in the mid-nineteenth century caused large numbers of Irish people to emigrate to America.

6. flood n. An overflowing of water; an excessive amount | The constant rain and poor drainage system caused a flood in town.

7. impact n. A strong influence | The speech about the importance of education made an impact on me.

8. persevere v. To keep going, despite obstacles or discouragement; to maintain a purpose | The hikers persevered despite the bad weather and the icy trail.

9. plunge v. To go down suddenly; to decrease by a great amount in a short time | He jumped off the diving board and plunged into the pool. | The value of the company’s stock plunged after its chief executive was arrested.

10. unleash v. To release a thing or an emotion | When they saw the strange man on their property, they unleashed their dogs. | He is from such an unemotional family, he will never learn to unleash his feelings.

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