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Prof. Adir aqui!
Hoje vamos aprender as três pronúncias da terminação -ED (passado dos verbos regulares). Mas primeiro temos que aprender o que são os sons voiced e unvoiced.
1. Sons voiced. São aqueles que, quando emitidos, viram as cordas vocais. Todas as vogais são voiced e também os sons l – n – m – r – b – v – g – w – y – z e terminados em ditongos.
2. Sons unvoiced. São aqueles que não produzem vibração nas cordas vocais = p – k – s – ch – sh – f – x .
Vamos lá para o primeiro caso.
1. ED soa como /d/. Aqui os verbos acabam em som voiced, então a terminação -ed vai ter som somente de d, e o e não vai ser pronunciado. Vamos praticar!
01. Allow – allowed (permitir) – He was not allowed to go to the party. | Her mother allowed her to go out.
02. Arrive – arrived (chegar) – I don’t know what time he arrived. | She arrived in the morning.
03. Burn – burned (queimar) – I think I burned my cake. | The house burned down in the fire.
04. Call – called (ligar) – Who called me? | I don’t know who called you.
05. Change – changed (mudar, trocar) – I changed some things in the project. | She changed her mind.
06. Clean – cleaned (limpar) – She cleaned the house in the morning. | I cleaned my office today.
07. Cry – cried (chorar) – She cried all night. | The baby cried because he was hungry.
08. Die – died (morrer) – Did you know they died? | She died a couple of years ago.
09. Enjoy – enjoyed (aproveitar, curtir) – I enjoyed my vacation very much. | My kids enjoyed going to Disney.
10. Learn – learned (aprender) – I learned French in six months. | He learned how to swim when he was six.
11. Listen – listened (escutar) – I listened to the radio every morning. | She listened to what I had to say.
12. Live – lived (morar, viver) – I lived here when I was a kid. | We lived in a very small house.
13. Love – loved (amar, adorar) – She loved her kids. | I loved going for walks.
14. Open – opened (abrir) – Who opened the door? – They opened a new Italian restaurant.
15. Play – played (tocar, jogar, brincar) – She played the guitar in her free time. | I played soccer when I was a kid.
16. Remember – remembered (lembrar-se) – I remembered bringing your things. | She remembered you, didn’t she?
17. Smile – smiled (sorrir) – She smiled at me. | I smiled at the old lady.
18. Stay – stayed (ficar) – I stayed in a very good hotel. | They stayed at home on the weekend.
19. Try – tried (tentar) – I tried to do that, but I couldn’t. | She tried not to laugh.
2. ED soa como T. Neste caso os verbos terminam em som unvoiced e a terminação -ed vai ter som de t. Lembre-se de que aqui também o e não é pronunciado.
01. Ask – asked (pedir, perguntar) – He asked me where I lived. | I asked you not to do that.
02. Dance – danced (dançar) – They danced the night away. | I danced till dawn.
03. Develop – developed (desenvolver) – When was this developed? | They developed a new appliance.
04. Discuss – discussed (discutir) – We discussed the problem thoroughly. | I discussed the payment issues with the boss.
05. Dress – dressed (vestir) – The kids dressed up as witches for Halloween. | I got dressed really fast because I was late.
06. Finish – finished (terminar) – I finished my work on time. | They finished reading that book.
07. Fix – fixed (consertar) – My brother fixed my TV. | They fixed the broken pipe.
08. Help – helped (ajudar) – He helped me understand the problem. | I helped him get his car started.
09. Laugh – laughed (rir) – We laughed our head off watching the movie. | They laughed at their friend.
10. Like – liked (gostar) – I liked going out last night. | They liked the movie.
11. Look – looked (olhar, parecer) – She looked at me and smiled. | It looked like rain, but it didn’t rain.
12. Pass – passed (passar) – He passed up a great opportunity. | I passed him on the street today.
13. Pick – picked (pegar, escolher) – I was picked to represent the group. | Have you picked your team for the game yet?
14. Practice – practiced (praticar, treinar) – I practiced hard for the piano recital. | He practiced his French a lot while he was in Paris.
15. Push – pushed (empurrar) – She pushed me and I fell. | I pushed open the door with my foot.
16. Reach – reached (alcançar) – The situation reached a point where… | They finally reached an agreement last night.
17. Stop – stopped (parar) – He stopped smoking. That’s great news! | I stopped the car because I wasn’t feeling very well.
18. Talk – talked (conversar) – I talked to him a lot last night. | She talked on and on about her kids.
19. Touch – touched (tocar) – He said he hadn’t touched her. | She touched a button and the machine started working.
20. Walk – walked (andar) – I walked to the station. | He walked a mile to get there.
21. Wash – washed (lavar) – Who washed your clothes? | I washed the floor because it was way too dirty.
22. Watch – watched (assistir, observar) – I watched the game last night. | He watched the kids play.
23. Wish – wished (desejar) – I wished them a Merry Christmas. | She wished she hadn’t seen him.
24. Work – worked (trabalhar) – I worked late last night. | She worked at a drugstore.
3. Nosso terceiro caso é quando o verbo termina em T ou D. Aqui temos o som de /id/. Vamos praticar.
01. Accept – accepted (aceitar) – I accepted his offer. | We accepted their invitation.
02. Create – created (criar) – The TV show was created by two teenagers. | Who created this program?
03. Decide – decided (decidir) – I decided not to go to the party. | They decided to start studying English.
04. Demand – demanded (exigir) – The teacher demanded to see our homework. | I demanded to see the manager.
05. Depend – depended (depender) – It depended only on him. | Their future depended on how they did in the exam.
06. End – ended (terminar) – The marriage ended after only 11 months. | A back injury ended his career seven years ago.
07. Expect – expected (esperar) – I expected him to come. | We expected good weather on the weekend, but it rained.
08. Explode – exploded (explodir) – The bomb exploded and they got hurt. | Thunder exploded over the meadow.
09. Insist – insisted (insistir, fazer questão) – He insisted that I come. | She insisted that we stay at her house instead of a hotel.
10. Invite – invited (convidar) – They invited me to their wedding. | We have invited all our neighbors to a barbecue.
11. Last – lasted (durar) – The meeting lasted two hours. | The supplies lasted for only a few days.
12. Paint – painted (pintar) – We painted our walls green. | We washed the walls before we painted them.
13. Participate – participated (participar) – They participated in our project. | The rebels participated in the peace talks.
14. Provide – provided (fornecer) – The hotel provided a playroom for children. | She has always provided for her children.
15. Remind – reminded (lembrar, fazer lembrar) – She reminded me of my sister. | I reminded him of his appointments.
16. Rent – rented (alugar) – Who rented this house? | They rented a house for the summer.
17. Repeat – repeated (repetir) – I repeated what the teacher asked me to. | She repeated everything he said.
18. Start – started (começar) – I started studying English when I was nine. | She started doing yoga last year.
19. Visit – visited (visitar) – I visited my grandmother on the weekend. | They visited their family in Australia.
20. Wait – waited (esperar) – I waited for you for a long time. | She waited for the boss to arrive.
21. Want – wanted (querer) – I wanted to travel, but I didn’t have money. | She wanted a new boyfriend.