Já baixou seu e-book “Fluente para Sempre” com dicas NINJA pra dar uma turbinada no seu inglês ainda hoje? Clique abaixo e bons estudos!
Aqui você pode conferir como é um teste de listening do Michigan Proficiency. Aqui você tem a correção e o roteiro. Bons estudos!
You will hear short conversations. From the three answer choices provided, choose the one which means about the same thing as what you hear, or is true based on what you hear.
a) Ruby is very strange.
b) He dislikes Ruby.
c) He doesn’t know Ruby.
a) The lecture was boring.
b) She missed the lecture.
c) She didn’t understand the lecture.
a) He thinks she’s exaggerating.
b) He thinks she needs some advice.
c) He thinks her problem is serious.
a) Hank is at work.
b) Hank is with Jim.
c) Hank is keeping fit.
a) She’s on time.
b) She’s late.
c) She’s early.
a) Rita likes practicing the piano.
b) Rita is damaging the piano.
c) Rita keeps postponing her piano practice.
a) Anna is vain.
b) Anna eats too much.
c) Anna works too hard.
a) She was arrested.
b) The police towed her car.
c) The police stopped her.
a) The bank was closed.
b) The bank was full.
c) The bank was on strike.
a) In the suburbs.
b) In the country.
c) Near the town center.
a) He thinks bikes are less trouble.
b) He thinks bikes are less expensive.
c) He thinks cars are better.
a) She speaks excellent Spanish.
b) She wants to improve her Spanish.
c) She doesn’t know any Spanish.
a) Laura can afford it.
b) The vase is broken.
c) The vase was expensive.
a) She’s afraid she’ll need an operation.
b) She’s afraid she’ll lose her job.
c) She’s afraid her pay will be cut.
a) Lori will get married.
b) Lori just got married.
c) They are at Lori’s wedding.
a) He doesn’t like her hair.
b) He thinks her clothes don’t suit her.
c) He likes her to wear jewelry.
a) The man thinks she should not drive with Gary.
b) The man thinks Gary is a lousy driver.
c) The man thinks she should avoid Gary.
a) She believes Stella exaggerates.
b) She believes Stella is quite aggressive.
c) She believes Stella deserved it.
You will hear a question or statement. From the three answer choices given, choose the one which best answers or responds to the question or statement.
a) Yes, I have two.
b) I’m waiting for my son.
c) Yeah. In three months.
b) It’s very interesting.
c) I’m a nurse.
a) I went to the beach.
b) Nothing much.
c) We’re going to Seattle.
a) At the airport.
b) Yes, please.
c) At six-thirty.
a) We work in Boston.
b) We’re good buddies.
c) He’s my roommate.
a) She’s a bank teller.
b) She’s fine.
c) She lives in Boise.
a) No, I’m wearing a suit.
b) No, I’m going as I am.
c) No, it’s a formal affair.
a) She’s had an argument with the boss.
b) She’s very annoying.
c) Nothing bothers her.
a) George gives me a ride.
b) By bus.
c) About half an hour.
a) Not chicken again!
b) It was a bit spicy.
c) I’m not hungry.
a) Turn it up.
b) Who hit you?
c) Take a cool shower.
a) There’s no room.
b) I’d rather pay cash.
c) I don’t have any checks.
a) But I want to get it right.
b) I’m not picking on you.
c) I chose it myself.
a) How fast is it?
b) Does it look good on him?
c) Where is it?
a) The call was withheld.
b) You picked up the receiver.
c) For the third time today.
a) I think it’s swell.
b) I think it stinks.
c) I’ll think about it.
a) It must be 10 pages long!
b) It’s too small for me.
c) Okay, but fill me in on it.
You will hear three segments from a radio program called ‘The Experts Speak’. As you listen, you may take notes. After reach segment, you will be asked some questions. From the answer choices given, choose the one which best answers the question.
SEGMENT 01 (You can take notes)
36. What does the speaker say about being part of a crowd?
a) It can be enjoyable in certain situations.
b) It isn’t a necessary part of city living.
c) It is enjoyable only at sports events and political rallies.
37. What do different types of crowds do?
a) They move in different ways.
b) They behave in a similar manner.
c) They show no discernible patterns when studied.
38. What are scientists able to do?
a) They can model a crowd’s behavior by using computers.
b) They can provide no useful information for stadium construction.
c) They can explain how people in crowds feel.
39. How do people behave in crowds?
a) They move in a random fashion.
b) They are unaffected by the other people in the crowd.
c) They are influenced by others in the crowd.
40. What would modifications to stadium layout achieve?
a) They would allow people to leave faster.
b) They would make little difference, as all crowds behave similarly.
c) They would have no effect on the safety of some events.
SEGMENT 02 (You can take notes)
41. What does the speaker suggest about job interviews?
a) They pay little attention to the appearance of interviewees.
b) They need 30 minutes to make a decision.
c) They decide whether to hire or not soon after the interview begins.
42. What does the speaker say about people?
a) They tend to be very conscious of the message their own body language sends.
b) They are not conscious of the majority of their own body language signals.
c) They can do nothing about the physical messages they send.
43. What does the speaker say about people who rend to keep their heads down?
a) They come across as offensive.
b) They will be unable to defend themselves.
c) They seem narrow-minded
44. What behavior is characteristic about Japanese people?
a) They keep their distance from others.
b) They have a strong sense of personal space.
c) They Interact more closely than the British.
45. What does the speaker conclude?
a) That controlling your body language can help you succeed.
b) That we judge people too much on appearance.
c) That the best way to behave is usually obvious.
SEGMENT 03 (You can take notes)
46. What does the speaker imply about our need to listen to music?
a) It is centuries in the making.
b) We need to go back to nature.
c) It fills a void in modern society.
47. How do some artists use music?
a) To gain additional skills.
b) To get new ideas.
c) To learn to express themselves better.
48. How is listening to music different from other forms of entertainment?
a) It isn’t visual.
b) It isn’t passive entertainment.
c) It gets us in touch with our feelings.
49. According to the speaker, how can music benefit us?
a) It helps us unwind.
b) It improves our digestive system.
c) It makes us happy.
50. Why might some people disagree with the speaker’s views on music?
a) They’ve had some unpleasant experiences.
b) They are headbangers.
c) Music is like the sound of a garbage truck to them.
F: Do you know Ruby?
M: Was it a good lecture?
F: It went way over my head.
F: I just don’t know what to do.
M: Don’t make a mountain out of a molehill.
F: Where’s Hank?
M: He’s working out at the gym.
F: Hi Dad!
M: It’s about time, young lady!
F: Did Rita practice her piano lesson today?
M: She keeps putting it off.
F: What do you think of Anna?
M: She’s pretty full of herself.
M: Why are you late?
F: The police pulled me over.
F: Did you go to the bank?
M: Yeah, but it was packed.
F: Where does Terry live?
M: Out in the sticks.
F: Should I get a bike or a car?
M: Bikes are less of a hassle.
M: Why are you going to Mexico?
F: I’m hoping to brush up on my Spanish.
F: Laura bought an antique vase.
M: She must be broke now!
M: What’s with Susan?
F: She thinks she might get the axe.
F: Lori’s getting married.
M: That’s wonderful.
F: What do you think?
M: I prefer you with bangs.
F: I’m going out with Gary tonight.
M: You should steer clear of him.
M: Stella says you insulted her.
F: Well, she lays it on thick.
19. Are you expecting a baby?
20. What’s your new job?
21. Where did you go over the weekend?
22. Where should I pick you up?
23. Do you get along with Joe?
24. What does Tracy do for a living?
25. Are you dressing up for dinner?
26. What’s bugging Laura?
27. Who takes you to work?
28. Did you like the food?
29. This heat is killing me.
30. Put it on your credit card.
31. Don’t be so picky!
32. My cousin just bought a condo.
33. Was it you who called me?
34. What a great movie!
35. Please fill out this form.
Speaker: As cities grow and congestion increases, people endure daily cramming on the streets, in shops and on the subway. It isn’t always an ordeal, though. Sometimes being part of a crowd – during a celebration, festival, or sporting event – can be fun. For example, those who attended the Pope’s open-air mass in Britain in 1982 said that sharing the same experience with so many people gave them a powerful and moving feeling of unity. The same thing has been said of mass political rallies and football matches.
Unfortunately, crowds can also have a darker side. At a concert in Cincinnati in the early ‘80s, seven people were trampled to death when a crowd of fans attempted to get inside the concert hall. In England, 96 people were killed at a football match when the crowd behaved in a similar way.
Video and on-the-spot observations reveal the same patterns recurring time and time again. Long chains of moving people were shown to form spontaneously and persist with military precision before fading away into randomness. The type of crowd was shown to have little effect, as the same thing occurred whether it was an opera audience, Michael Jackson fans or people attending a basketball game.
By plotting crowd behavior algorithms in graphic form, computer scientists are able to predict the movement of many thousands of people within a crowd. When these models are used on a ‘virtual’ crowd, it has been shown that a large stadium can be cleared of 20,000 people after a pop concert in 15 minutes. The program has also explained that once we are in a crowd we largely lose our freedom of movement: we can only move when the person ahead of us moves on, as it is easier to follow someone else than to force our own way through the crowd. These strings of people subsequently gather momentum as they move, allowing the crowd to take on self-organizing properties.
These results have been used to make various alterations to modern stadium design. Railings dividing a gate, for example, have been shown to improve crowd flow by 25 percent. By taking such measures, it is hoped that further tragedies, like those in Cincinnati and in England, will be prevented.
M: Do you find yourself making snap judgements about new people you meet?
F: It’s something we do all the time, whether in a social or professional context. Arrive at a job interview in a crumpled suit or with we hair and it’s more than certain you’ve blown it – unless you’re a genius, that is! Interviews can last up to half an hour or more, but the decision to hire or not is made within the initial four minutes of meeting: in fact, in 80 percent of interviews, this decision is made before the interviewee has even spoken.
In a social context, when chatting to somebody in a bar or at a party, it takes 20 seconds at most for people to decide if they want to take things further. In deciding whether a person is right for a job or a relationship, people use a multitude of cues and signals, most of which they are unaware of. One feature people can become aware of and control is their body language. Someone who sits with their arms and legs firmly crossed will come across as narrow-minded and unresponsive. Correspondingly, a person who hangs their head won’t be able to stand up to bullets, either at work or in a social setting. Hunched shoulders, fiddling with hair or holding a hand over the mouth – these are classic signs of insecurity.
M: But body language isn’t just about a person’s own body, right?
F: I see what you’re getting at. It’s also about how they respond to other people’s bodies. For example, the reserved British feel threatened if people stand less than 18 inches from them: their personal space has been invaded. In contrast, the Japanese are comfortable at a distance of half that. Speeded-up films of British and Japanese executives greeting each other make their meeting look like a comical dance. The Japanese keep advancing towards the nervous-looking Britons who, with their 18-inch distance limit, keep retreating.
Where you look is important as well. In business, it’s wise to keep the gaze centered on a small triangle around the eyes and forehead. In social situations the focus can drift as far as the mouth, but looking people up and down in an obvious way can get you into trouble. We’re a judgmental species and constantly make snap decisions about people’s attributes – it’s wise to keep tabs on your body language if you want to get ahead.
Speaker: it is said that music is a universal language that bridges all cultural gaps and melts all physical boundaries. But why, as humans, do we need to listen to music? Part of the reason for this may stem from the fact that, up until a few centuries ago, we lived in natural dwellings and would wake up to the sound of birds chirping or, if we were not so lucky, the sound of a lion roaring.
So as to provide an antidote to today’s stressful, fast-paced way of life, some escape the cacophony of the modern city by listening to the music of their choice. Others use music as a means to express themselves, such as through dance, or use it as a catalyst to get the creative juices flowing so they can write or paint more effectively. Still others use music to soothe their nerves and lull themselves to sleep.
But music is more than a means to an end, in that it communicates with us directly, evoking an emotional response. Whereas other forms of entertainment, such as watching TV, can be considered passive entertainment, and playing computer games involves using our skills and reflexes in order to achieve victory, music speaks to our souls and provides a need that has been referred to as ‘soothing the beast within’. If this is true, then music can be used as a therapeutic means of calming frayed nerves, getting rid of melancholia, and helping in the digestion of food. Ultimately, then, it is a means of altering our mood and our environment.
Of course, if we have an adolescent child or discourteous neighbor who insists on blaring headbanging music that to us sounds worse than heating a garbage truck making its rounds, we may feel less upbeat about the positive attributes of music. It is important to remember that, ultimately, music is an expression of how we feel, for better or for worse, and that one person’s meat is another person’s poison.