Geralmente aprendemos que ao acrescentar a letra “y” a certos substantivos, os tornamos adjetivos. Por exemplo com comidas (salty, spicy, greasy, juicy, etc.) e com palavras relacionadas ao clima (sunny, rainy, cloudy, foggy, etc.)
O runner-up do programa American Idol, Adam Lambert, disse que sua performance de Black and White, de Michael Jackson, foi um tanto shouty (gritado).
Há vários substantivos que, ao acrescentar o “y”, tomam um significado completamente diferente.
ANTSY – very nervous, anxious or unpleasantly excited: It was a long drive and the children started to get antsy. / I always get antsy about meeting my husband’s boss.
BAGGY – (of clothes) hanging loosely because of being too big or having been stretched: baggy trousers / My T-shirt went all baggy in the wash.
BEEFY – 1. describes someone who looks strong, heavy and powerful: a beefy footballer; 2. powerful and effective: I want to buy myself a beefier computer.
BONY – very thin: She has long bony fingers.
BOSSY – authoritative, always telling people what to do: She’s very bossy. She keeps telling me what to do all the time.
BRAINY – clever, intelligent, smart: She’s a very brainy young lady.
BUBBLY – (especially of a woman or girl) attractively full of energy and enthusiasm: Who’s that bubbly girl over there?
CHEEKY – slightly rude or showing a lack of respect, but often in a funny way: She’s got such a cheeky grin. / Don’t be so cheeky!
CHUBBY – (especially of children) fat in a pleasant and attractive way: chubby legs / chubby cheeks
CHUNKY – 1 describes clothes that are thick and heavy, or jewellery made of large pieces: a chunky sweater / a chunky necklace; 2 describes a person who is short and heavy
CLASSY – stylish or fashionable: What a classy car you’ve got!
CLINGY – 1. an emotionally dependent person: Her boyfriend is so clingy, he never leaves her side. ; 2. clothes that show off your curves: That dress is really clingy, my boyfriend will never let me wear it.
CLUMSY – 1 awkward in movement or manner: The first mobile phones were heavy and clumsy to use, but nowadays they are much easier to handle. / My attempts to apologize were very clumsy.; 2 describes someone who often has accidents because they do not behave in a careful, controlled way: That’s the third glass you’ve smashed this week, – you’re so clumsy!
COCKY – describes a young person who is confident in a way that is unpleasant and sometimes rude:
He’s a bit cocky for my liking.
COMFY – comfortable: a very comfy chair
CORNY – 1. (especially of jokes, films, stories, etc.) lacking new ideas and sincerity; too often repeated and therefore not amusing or interesting: corny jokes / I couldn’t watch the whole movie – it was just too corny.; 2. overly sentimental: That song is so corny…
CRABBY / CRANKY – easily annoyed and complaining: You’re very crabby today. What’s upset you?
CREEPY – strange or unnatural and making you feel frightened: a creepy film / a creepy smile
CUDDLY – liking to cuddle, or making you want to cuddle: a very cuddly child
CURVY – containing a lot of curves: a very curvy road
CUSHY – (usually said of a job) very easy: That was a very cushy job.
CUTESY – artificially attractive and charming, especially in a childish way: She sent me one of those awful birthday cards with a cutesy kitten on it.