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3. Evolution and Migration
1. adapt v. To adjust to the circumstances; to make suitable | Dinosaurs could not adapt to the warmer temperatures. | The teacher adapted the exercises for his more advanced students.
2. diverse n. Various; showing a lot of differences within a group | India is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world.
3. evolve v. To develop; to come forth | Modern‐day sharks evolved from their ancestor Eryops, which lived more than 200 million years ago.
4. feature n. Part, characteristic | The best feature of this car is its heated seats.
5. generation n. A group of people born at about the same time | As older managers retired, a new generation of leaders took control of the company.
6. inherent adj. Naturally characteristic; always found within something, because it’s a basic part of that thing | No job can be interesting all the time. Boredom is inherent in any kind of work.
7. migration n. Movement from one place to another by a group of people or animals | The migration of farm workers from one state to the next depends primarily on the harvest.
8. physical adj. Related to the body; related to materials that can be seen or felt | Because of the shape of its throat, an ape does not have the physical ability to speak. | The mountains form a physical barrier between the west and the east.
9. process n. A series of steps leading to a result | To get a good job, most people go through a long process of letterwriting and interviews.
10. survive v. To continue living (despite some danger or illness) | After getting lost in the mountains, Gordon survived by eating wild plants and catching fish.
4. Petroleum Alternatives
1. constraint n. Something that restricts thought or action | The constraints of military life kept Eileen from seeing Private Morris more than once a month.
2. contamination n. Being made less clean by a germ or hazardous substance | The contamination in the river came from the factory located just upstream.
3. deplete v. To greatly decrease the supply of a resource or material | The prolonged war depleted the country’s national treasury.
4. dispose of v. To throw away; to get rid of; to kill | She disposed of her unwanted possessions before moving. | The tyrant cruelly disposed of all his enemies.
5. elementally adv. In terms of elements; basically | Elementally, coal and diamonds are the same.
6. emission n. Sending out from a small space into the general environment; a substance discharged into the air | The Environmental Protection Agency regulates the emission of pollutants into the air.
7. extinction n. Complete disappearance; the end of existence | Human beings have caused the extinction of many other species.
8. reservoir n. A place where a liquid is collected and stored | Cult members threatened to poison the town’s water reservoir.
9. shrink v. To become reduced in size, amount, or value | If you dry your clothing on the “high heat” setting, they may shrink.
10. stable adj. Firm and dependable; showing little change | He fell because the ladder wasn’t stable.